Yale-NUS Assistant Professor of Social Sciences (Psychology) Paul O’Keefe worked with Stanford psychologists Carol Dweck and Gregory Walton to examine beliefs that may lead people to succeed or fail at developing their interests. In a series of laboratory studies, the researchers found that a prior theory on fixed and growth mindsets could be applied to better understand how people approach their talents and abilities. The researchers noted that asking people to “find their passion” developed a fixed mindset about interests, implying that once an interest resonates, pursuing it will be easy. However, the research found that when people encounter inevitable challenges in pursuing these interests, a fixed mindset made it more likely for people to give up on these interests. Hence, the researchers suggest that “develop your passion” is more fitting advice.