Political Competition and Ethnic Rebellion in Democratic Transition: Enlightenment from Indonesia, Focus Information Network, 25 July 2017

This is a summary of the key arguments in Assistant Professor of Social Sciences Risa J. Toha’s article “Political Competition and Ethnic Riots in Democratic Transition: A Lesson from Indonesia” which was published in the British Journal of Political Science. The article argues that riots tend to occur in ethnically divided districts with low electoral competition because uncompetitiveness in the first democratic elections signals continued regime entrenchment and local political exclusion. As such, riots often follow uncompetitive elections, and dissipate after elections become more competitive and opposition candidates secure electoral victory.

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