Anju Mary Paul

Social Sciences (Sociology and Public Policy)

Associate Professor

Contact No.: +65 6601-3267

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Associate Professor Anju Mary Paul is an international migration scholar with a research focus on migration to, from, and within Asia. She is especially interested in how gender, labour, race and ethnicity, as well as class intersect at the moment of migration and the post-migration experience.

Assoc Prof Paul graduated from the University of Michigan in 2012 with a joint PhD in Sociology and Public Policy. Her first book – Multinational Maids: Stepwise Migration in a Global Labor Market (Cambridge University Press 2017) – explored the the stepwise international labour migrations of Filipino and Indonesian domestic workers. It received the 2018 Thomas and Znaniecki Best Book Award from the International Migration Section of the American Sociological Association (ASA) and the 2018 Max Weber Award for Distinguished Scholarship from the Organizations, Occupations, and Work Section of the ASA. It also received an Honorable Mention for the 2020 ASA Distinguished Scholarly Book Award and an Honorable Mention for the Global Development Studies Book Award from the International Studies Association.

Her forthcoming book, Asian Scientists on the Move: Changing Science in a Changing Asia (Cambridge University Press 2021) explores the increasing return migrations of Western-trained Asian scientists, the factors behind these returns, and how they are shifting the topography of the global scientific field.

Assoc Prof Paul has also developed another area of research on labour rights especially for paid and unpaid care providers. She leads a transnational project, the Global Care Policy Index, which quantitatively scores countries on the degree of social and labour policy protections they provide unpaid family caregivers and domestic workers in the domestic sphere.

Assoc Prof Paul has also published articles in the top journals in sociology and migration studies including the American Journal of Sociology; Social Forces; Migration Studies; the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies; Gender, Place & Culture; Global Networks; and Ethnic and Racial Studies. She also regularly works with student research assistants, using her projects as a way to introduce students to fieldwork, qualitative research methods, and under-studied populations. In 2017, she published an edited volume of essays written by her students on spaces of globalisation in Singapore entitled Local Encounters in a Global City (Ethos Books 2017).

In 2020, Assoc Prof Paul was awarded the Yale-NUS College Distinguished Teaching Excellence Recognition Award.

Assoc Prof Paul’s research interests comprise three intersecting strands:
1. The international migration trajectories and working conditions of migrant domestic workers, a group of women migrants who are often one-dimensionally portrayed as the victims of globalization.
2. High-skilled migrations, and particularly scientist migrations, their causes and consequences.
3. Policy protections for unpaid family caregivers and paid domestic workers.


Paul, Anju M. 2021 (forthcoming). Asian Scientists on the Move: Changing Science in a Changing Asia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Paul, Anju M. 2022 (forthcoming). “Connecting More than the Origin and Destination: Multinational Migrations and Transnational Ties.” In Handbook on Transnationalism, edited by Brenda S. A. Yeoh and Francis Collins. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing

Paul, Anju M. and Brenda S. A. Yeoh. 2021. “Methodological Innovations in Studying Multinational Migrations.” Geographical Research 58(4):355–364.

Paul, Anju M. and Brenda S. A. Yeoh. 2021. “Studying Multinational Migrations, Speaking Back to Migration Theory.” Global Networks 21(1):3–17.

Lim, Nicole and Anju M. Paul. 2021. “Stigma on a Spectrum: Differentiated Stigmatization of Migrant Domestic Workers’ Romantic Relationships in Singapore.” Gender, Place and Culture 28(1):22–44.

Yuen, Stacey and Anju M. Paul. 2019. “The Workplace-Entitlements Knowledge of Filipino and Indonesian Domestic Workers in Singapore.” Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies 18(1):113-131. doi: 10.1080/15562948.2019.1571657.

Schumann, Margaret. 2019. “The Giving Up of Weekly Rest-Days by Migrant Domestic Workers in Singapore: When Submission is both Resistance and Victimhood.” Social Forces 98(4):1695–1718.

Paul, Anju M. 2018. “The Destination Decision of Asian Postdoctoral Trainees: Advice from Asian-born, Western-trained Bioscientists.” Pp. 279-300 in High-Skilled Migration: Drivers, Dynamics and Policies, edited by Mathias Czaika. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Paul, Anju M. 2018. “Unequal Networks: Comparing the Pre-Migration Overseas Networks of Indonesian and Filipino Migrant Domestic Workers.” Global Networks 19(1):44-65.

Paul, Anju M. 2018. “Maids’ Overtime Pay is Long Overdue.” Channel News Asia Commentary Page. 9 April 2018. Published at (shared more than 15,000 times on social media).

Paul, Anju M. 2018. “Improve Welfare of Foreign Domestic Workers to Prevent ‘Care Drain.’” Channel News Asia Commentary Page. 7 May 2018.

Paul, Anju M. 2017. Multinational Maids: Stepwise Migration in a Global Labor Market. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Paul, Anju M. (Ed.) 2017. Local Encounters in a Global City: Singapore Stories. Singapore: Ethos Books.

Paul, Anju M. and Pearlyn Neo. 2017. “Am I Allowed to Get Pregnant?: Awareness of Pregnancy Protection Laws among Migrant Domestic Workers in Hong Kong.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 44(7):1195-1213.

Paul, Anju M. and Victoria Long. 2017. “Where to Train: Shifts in the Doctoral Destination Advice given to Asian Bioscience Students.” Global Studies 10(3):1-18.

Paul, Anju M. and Victoria Long. 2016. “Human-Capital Strategies to Build World-Class Research Universities in Asia: Impact on Global Flows.” In The Transnational Politics of Higher Education: Contesting the Global / Transforming the Local, edited by Meng-Hsuan Chou, Isaac A. Kamola and Tamson Pietsch. London: Routledge.

Paul, Anju M. 2015. “Capital and Mobility in the Stepwise International Migrations of Filipino Migrant Domestic Workers.” Migration Studies 3(3): 438-459.

Paul, Anju M. 2015. “Negotiating Migration, Performing Gender.” Social Forces 94(1):271-293.

Paul, Anju M. 2013. “Good Help is Hard to Find: Differentiated Mobilization of Migrant Social Capital among Filipino Domestic Workers.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 39(5): 719-739.

Paul, Anju M. 2013. “Domestic Work, Paid.” Pp.192-195 in Sociology of Work: An Encyclopedia edited by V. Smith. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications

Paul, Anju M. 2011. “The Other Looks Back: Racial Distancing and Racial Alignment in Migrant Domestic Workers’ Stereotypes about white and Chinese Employers.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 34(6):1068-1087.

Paul, Anju M. 2011. “Stepwise International Migration: A Multi-Stage Migration Pattern for the Aspiring Migrant.” American Journal of Sociology 116(6):1842-1886.

Migration Policy
Comparative Social Inquiry
International Migration
Globalisation on the Ground
Methods in the Social Sciences